Callery Pear

Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) trees are often seen growing along urban streets and in residential landscapes and are prized for their showy white flowers that bloom in abundance each spring. However, these non-native invasive trees can spread prolifically into natural spaces and outcompete native trees, shrubs, and other vegetation, replacing food sources and habitat with less desirable alternatives for pollinators and wildlife.

Identification

Callery Pear in a retail area

Credit: Payton Chung, “callery pears”, CC BY 2.0

The Callery pear, also known as Bradford pear, is an ornamental tree species that grows up to 40 feet in height. It has 2-3” shiny green leaves with slightly toothed-margins along the leaf edge. The overall shape of the Callery pear tree is described as tear-dropped or spade-like. Its rough textured bark is gray-brown in color and exhibits shallow furrows and scaly ridges with age. It produces abundant, small, and malodorous white flowers which appear in spring before the leaves emerge. Its 1” diameter fruits are green to brown in color and are often consumed by birds. Although it provides food for wildlife, berries from Callery pear have poor nutrition value, compared to fruits from native vegetation. Callery pears are often planted around commercial spaces and residential properties. It frequently escapes into nearby areas where it can easily establish in roadsides, rights-of-way, and old fields.

Invasive Species Spotlight: Callery Pear – Credit: New York – New Jersey Trail Conference

Callery pear may be confused with other trees that produce white flowers in the spring including:

Additional information on how to identify Callery pear can be found online.

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Ecological Threat

Invasive Callery (Bradford) Pear – Credit: Oklahoma State University Natural Resources Extension

Video Note: Mexican plum (as mentioned in the video) is not native to Pennsylvania, and therefore is not recommended for planting in our state.

Once established, Callery pear trees form dense thickets that push out native plants which are unable to tolerate shade or compete for water, soil, and space. A single Callery pear tree can spread rapidly by seed and vegetative means, forming a sizeable patch within several years.

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Control and Removal

If Callery pear is present on your property, consider removal and management options. The following resources provide valuable information and tips.

Invasive Callery Pear Treatment – Credit: Clemson University – PSA

Other management tips can be found at: Penn State Extension

Image of Pennsylvania Invasives Datasheet Download the Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania datasheet: Callery Pear from the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

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Plant Native Alternatives

Landscaping with native plants avoids the threat of invasive ornamentals escaping from your yard to natural settings and has many benefits Native plants provide beauty, conserve water, and provide habitat and food for wildlife. Below is a sampling of native species to consider incorporating into your home landscape as an alternative to planting Callery pear.

Recommended Native Alternatives: Allegheny serviceberry, Eastern redbud, Green hawthorn

*This list is not comprehensive, but rather provides a sampling of species available for purchase from retailers located in Pennsylvania and/or surrounding states. All native plant distribution maps (below) are provided by the Biota of North America Program.

*This list is not comprehensive, but rather provides a sampling of species available for purchase from retailers located in Pennsylvania and/or surrounding states. All native plant distribution maps (below) are provided by the Biota of North America Program.

Allegheny Serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis)

Allegheny serviceberry grows best in average to medium soils that receive good drainage and in areas that receive full sun to part shade. This short stature tree grows 15-25 feet in height, making it suitable to plant underneath utility lines.

Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)

Eastern redbud prefers to grow in soils with an average to medium amount of moisture and that are well-draining. It grows best in areas that receive full sun to part shade, and because Eastern redbud grows to a height of 20-30 feet, it’s a good choice for planting underneath utility lines.

Green Hawthorn (Crataegus viridis)

Green hawthorn is best suited for planting in average, dry to medium, and well-drained soils. It prefers to be in spaces that receive full sun; however, it will tolerate a light amount of shade as well as drought. This tree can grow to a height of 25-35 feet, making it compatible for planting underneath utility lines.

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Learn More and Take Action

Why are Native Plants Important?

Learn more about the importance of planting native plants by reviewing the following resources. And remember, planting even one native plant on your property is a tremendous benefit to wildlife and the environment!

Discover Native Plants.

Learn what plants are native to your area by using the National Wildlife Federation’s Native Plant Finder or the Audubon’s Native Plants Database. Both programs are easy to use - just type in your zip code and a list of native plants is provided to you.

Image link to Audubon Native Plant Finder
Image link to National Wildlife Federation’s Native Plant Finder

Record Invasive Species Findings with iMapInvasives.

If you find invasive plants and animals in natural areas such as parks, forests, and meadows, please report them to iMapInvasives, an online tool used by natural resource professionals and citizen scientists to record locations of invasive species The iMapInvasives program is useful in understanding species distributions statewide and is used by land managers to prioritize locations to conduct treatment efforts. In Pennsylvania, the iMapInvasives program is administered by the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy and the Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program and is financially supported by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative. At the national level, iMapInvasives is administered by NatureServe.

A free registered user account is needed in order to contribute and view data in iMapInvasives. Register here.

Connect with Our Experts

Please direct any questions or comments regarding this species profile to Amy Jewitt, Invasive Species Coordinator, or Mary Walsh, Aquatic Zoology Coordinator.